Effect of Deep Breathing Exercises on Vital Capacity in Female Physiotherapy Students.

Dr. Manisha Rathi, Dr. Tejal Pardeshi Dr. Tushar Palekar, Dr. Ali Irani,


Background- In recent times reduced amount of physical fitness & exercises levels among students have resulted them in adapting sedentary lifestyle thereby reducing their vital capacity. Initially the complications arising from low level of vital capacity may be asymptomatic but if not treated in near future can cause fatal complications. 

Aims & Objectives- To study the effect of deep breathing exercises on vital capacities in female physiotherapy students.

Materials & Methods- Depending upon the inclusion criteria (vital capacity less than 2 liters) & exclusion criteria (no pathological involvement of lungs, 102 female physiotherapy students were selected for a study duration of 8 weeks. Deep breathing exercises were given to them on day 1 with 10 repetitions. Follow up was kept every 2 weeks & 5 repetitions were added every week to serve the incremental purpose. Deep breathing was asked to perform twice daily (in the morning & at night). Wilcoxon signed ranked test was used for statistical analysis.

Result- vital capacity had improved from 2.6 liters to 3.4 liters.

Conclusion- Deep breathing exercises are effective in improving vital capacity in female physiotherapy students.

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