Effect of Ergonomic Advice on Upper Extremity Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders in House- Keepers

Manisha Rathi, Pooja A Oza, Tushar Palekar, Preeti Gazbare, Shilpa Khandare

Abstract


Introduction : Work  related  musculoskeletal  disorders  of upper limb are  one of the most  common  occupational  disorders  around  the world. The  pattern  of  occurrence  of   WRMSDs  and  its  relation  with  ergonomic intervention  among  housekeepers  has  not  been  widely  reported. The aim  of  is  study  was  to compare effect  of ergonomics  along  with exercise  verses  only  exercise  in  UEWRMSDs  in housekeepers.

Methods : A  randomized  control  trail  conducted  among  housekeepers. Subjects  fulfilling  inclusion  criteria  were  taken.  Numerical  Pain Rating Scale and  Nordic  Musculoskeletal  Questionnaires  used  as outcome  measure. 100  subjects  screened  and  30  were  included  in  study. Subjects  were  randomly  allocated  into  two  groups. Group A  received  conservative  exercise  with  ergonomic  intervention  for  their  housekeeping  activities like  sweeping, mopping, wringing  mops, cleaning walls.  Group  B  received  conservative  exercise. Treatment  protocol  continued  for  2 weeks.

Result and Discussion : All  the  participants  completed  the  study  and  used  for  data analysis. There  was  significant (p< 0.05)  decrease  in pain  in  neck  at  activity  in  Group  A  compared  to  Group B. Thus, Group A   showed  more  significant  effect  of  ergonomic  improvement  than  Group B. Hence, ergonomic  intervention  showed   beneficial  effect  to  reduce  musculoskeletal   disorders  in  housekeepers.

Conclusion : From   this  study  it  can  be  concluded  that  exercise  with  ergonomic  intervention  are  effective  in  relieving  upper  extremity  work  related  musculoskeletal  disorders.

Key  words : upper  extremity  work  related  musculoskeletal  disorders, ergonomic  intervention. Numerical  pain  rating  scale, Nordic  Musculoskeletal  Questionnaires


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